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Steps to writing a good background of the study

As you begin collecting and assembling results of your findings in a bid to breathe meaning into your study—though a focal point and needful approach—it is likewise important to produce a background of your study without discounting the introduction of your study.

Why you might ask

You see a well-established background of your study carves out the structure of your work into context and familiarizes your audience with the bottom line of your study. As useful and well-defined as it may appear, many still can’t factor out the differences between the background of the study, the literature review and the introduction of the research work. This has pulled out a vacuum in many works, expelling at least one out of the above-mentioned as authors and researchers tend to interchange them, using one as an interpretation for the other,

This should not be so, before moving over to the ideal steps to take when writing a good study background, here are the significant differences between an introduction, background of the study, and a literature review that you must know. Understanding this is only important as it strengthens the layout of your study.

Steps to writing a good background of the study
Steps to writing a good background of the study

Also See: Writing a Research Proposal -7 Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Winning Research Proposal

Components of Background to the study


The introduction of the background of the study is where the core data of the study is housed, this is the section of your study where you give out an overview—like every other introduction it should cultivate a passage to the main body that provokes the attention of the readers with questions, aims, and objectives of the study

Background of the study

Here the discussion of the study proliferates wildly; your study’s background must confer into your study’s deeper meaning. In general, the background of the study delivers information that has already been done; see it as giving direct feedback on work observed

Literature review

This only critically analyses already existing studies on the topic given; your literature review must house summaries, critical evaluations, and further assessment of particular research studies.

Also Read: Academic Research -6 Strategies and Techniques for Success


A good background of the study should be comprehensive and engaging, in order not to lose the interest of readers, Authors usually begin the build-up from the introduction.

A fundamental approach to background should see you outline the historical expansion of the literature that led to the topic; perhaps there was a myth that led to the entire topic being a point of discussion. Begin by justifying that and further clarifying major disparities subsisting between various disciplines shared across the topic (if there are any; express their connection with the topic and which among them all would be a point of contact for the research).

Furthermore, identify key developments as they unfold, retain observations that are closely related to the research topic, and categorize loopholes and loose end that needs to be discussed. Use the below as a guideline

  1. Existing knowledge about the topic: what are the general ideas about the topic, and how has it been observed?
  2. Are there any gaps? Myths, if any, how can they be addressed
  3. What is the Premise of your study?


Start strong, everybody deserves to be hooked:

1.1 It’s imperative to begin defining your research topic; with the introduction out of the way your main focus should be dissecting the topic to the barest minimum. Though the beginning of verbalizing your thesis would come in many stages of conflict and ambiguity, organizing your thoughts in terminal alignments so that research questions can be brought forth—the ones that would frantically lead into deeper sects of the study— should be an immediate step; a step in the right direction, and for this to happen, preliminary research can be conducted.


  • Collecting data from the internet
  • Collecting data from the library
  • Collecting data from scholarly journals
  • Collecting data from books related to your field of research.

Accumulate and assimilate the needed information from the above-mentioned places and keep track of your sources of information. You can develop a conduit through which track keeping can be made possible by employing the use of notepads of different calibers, be it cyber bound or not regardless, the most important thing is to ensure that for information penned down on a note page the source is accurately cited.

Using the information gathered from hither and thither, formulate your own engaging opinion through brilliant word alignment, and the resolve from other people and outlay it with an authoritative remark.

You can as well build a story around the central idea of the research to foster the interest of readers, be sure you do not wander off from the main area of concentration while you are to impress your audience be sure you do not lose focus on essential details.

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Cover key components, your background is nothing without it

1.2 All theories, themes, and concepts made under your research should be expressed, particularly terms that may appear foreign to readers.

Historical documentation, data and past research related to your study should be a striking attachment to your study especially if the topic for discussion is heavily invested in borrowed knowledge from the past.

Balance and organization complement great ideas

1.3 a good study of the background only gets better with great balance and organization, it would be disastrous for readers to read off or lose track of the train of knowledge running through all because the manner of organization is off, it would be more tragic for you, the author, if poor balancing orchestrates disinterest in the minds of readers. To ensure that your manner of organization doesn’t stonewall the ideas in your study it would be best to create individual sections that discuss the essential elements of the study, see to it that you create sections for

I. major issues

II. Key discoveries

III. Debatable ideas surrounding the thesis

Iv. Assessment

V. conclusion

Identify what needs to be done

1.4 express to the understanding of the readers the aspect that hasn’t been put into deliberation, Pin point the areas in your topic of contention that haven’t been expressed, why it wasn’t, and how it can be dealt with.

Revise and edit

1.5 It is very important that you pass on an error-free background of the study as it automatically engenders readability which is the core selling point of every good background of the study. For such to be achieved, aggressive vetting and revision should take their full course.


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